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Get A Large Static Flag Uganda
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Map of Uganda
Introduction Uganda
Uganda achieved independence from UK in 1962. dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) previously responsible for deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives. During 1990s, government promulgated non-party presidential and legislative elections.
Geography Uganda
Eastern Africa, west of Kenya
Geographic coordinates:
1 00 N, 32 00 E
Map references:
total: 236,040 sq km
water: 36,330 sq km
land: 199,710 sq km
Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Oregon
Land boundaries:
total: 2,698 km
border countries: Democratic Republic of Congo 765 km, Kenya 933 km, Rwanda 169 km, Sudan 435 km, Tanzania 396 km
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)
tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast
mostly plateau with rim of mountains
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Lake Albert 621 m
highest point: Margherita Peak on Mount Stanley 5,110 m
Natural resources:
copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land
Land use:
arable land: 25.34%
permanent crops: 8.77%
other: 65.89% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
90 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Environment - current issues:
draining of wetlands for agricultural use; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; poaching is widespread
Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
Geography - note:
landlocked; fertile, well-watered country with many lakes and rivers
People Uganda
Total Population:
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2003 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 50.8% (male 6,528,724; female 6,486,736)
15-64 years: 46.8% (male 5,985,911; female 6,024,798)
65 years and over: 2.4% (male 266,930; female 339,695) (2003 est.)
Median age:
total: 14.7 years
female: 14.8 years (2002)
male: 14.6 years
Population growth rate:
2.96% (2003 est.)
Birth rate:
46.57 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Death rate:
16.95 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: according to UNHCR, by end of 2001, Uganda previously host to 178,815 refugees from a number of neighboring countries, includes : Sudan 155,996, Rwanda 14,375, and Democratic Republic of Congo 7,459 (2003 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
Population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 87.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 80.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
male: 95.41 deaths/1,000 live births
Life Expectancy:
Population: 44.88 years
male: 43.42 years
female: 46.38 years (2003 est.)
Total fertility rate:
6.72 children born/woman (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
5% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
600,000 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
84,000 (2001 est.)
noun: Ugandan(s)
adjective: Ugandan
Ethnic groups:
Baganda 17%, Ankole 8%, Basoga 8%, Iteso 8%, Bakiga 7%, Langi 6%, Rwanda 6%, Bagisu 5%, Acholi 4%, Lugbara 4%, Batoro 3%, Bunyoro 3%, Alur 2%, Bagwere 2%, Bakonjo 2%, Jopodhola 2%, Karamojong 2%, Rundi 2%, non-African (European, Asian, Arab) 1%, other 8%
Roman Catholic 33%, Protestant 33%, Muslim 16%, indigenous beliefs 18%
English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Population: 69.9%
male: 79.5%
female: 60.4% (2003 est.)
Government Uganda
Country name:
conventional long form: Republic of Uganda
conventional short form: Uganda
Government type:
Administrative divisions:
56 districts; Adjumani, Apac, Arua, Bugiri, Bundibugyo, Bushenyi, Busia, Gulu, Hoima, Iganga, Jinja, Kabale, Kabarole, Kaberamaido, Kalangala, Kampala, Kamuli, Kamwenge, Kanungu, Kapchorwa, Kasese, Katakwi, Kayunga, Kibale, Kiboga, Kisoro, Kitgum, Kotido, Kumi, Kyenjojo, Lira, Luwero, Masaka, Masindi, Mayuge, Mbale, Mbarara, Moroto, Moyo, Mpigi, Mubende, Mukono, Nakapiripirit, Nakasongola, Nebbi, Ntungamo, Pader, Pallisa, Rakai, Rukungiri, Sembabule, Sironko, Soroti, Tororo, Wakiso, Yumbe
9 October 1962 (from UK)
National holiday:
Independence Day, 9 October (1962)
8 October 1995; adopted by interim, 284-member Constituent Assembly, charged with debating draft constitution that had been proposed in May 1993; Constituent Assembly previously dissolved upon promulgation of constitution in October 1995
Legal system:
in 1995, government restored legal system to one based on English common law and customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
chief of state: President Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI (since seizing power 26 January 1986); note - president is both chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI (since seizing power 29 January 1986); Prime Minister Apollo NSIBAMBI (since 5 April 1999); note - president is both chief of state and head of government; prime minister assists president in supervision of cabinet
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by president from among elected legislators
elections: president reelected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 12 March 2001 (next to be held NA 2006); note - first popular election for president since independence in 1962 previously held in 1996; prime minister appointed by president
election results: Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI elected president; percent of vote - Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI 69.3%, Kizza BESIGYE 27.8%
Legislative branch:
unicameral National Assembly (303 members - 214 directly elected by popular vote, 81 nominated by legally established special interest groups [women 56, army 10, disabled 5, youth 5, labor 5], 8 ex officio members; members serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 26 June 2001 (next to be held May or June 2006);
election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA; note - election campaigning by party previously not permitted
Judicial branch:
Court of Appeal (judges are appointed by president and approved by legislature); High Court (judges are appointed by president)
Political parties and leaders:
only one political organization, Movement (formerly NRM)[President MUSEVENI, chairman] is allowed to operate unfettered; note - president maintains that Movement is not a political party, but a mass organization, which claims loyalty of all Ugandans
note: constitution requires suspension of political parties while Movement organization is in governance; of political parties that exist but are prohibited from sponsoring candidates, most important are Ugandan People's Congress or UPC [Milton OBOTE]; Democratic Party or DP [Paul SSEMOGERERE]; Conservative Party or CP [Ken LUKYAMUZI]; Justice Forum [Muhammad Kibirige MAYANJA]; and National Democrats Forum [Chapaa KARUHANGA]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
International organization participation:
Diplomatic representation in US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Edith Grace SSEMPALA
chancery: 5911 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20011
FAX: [1] (202) 726-1727
telephone: [1] (202) 726-7100 through 7102, 0416
Diplomatic representation from US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Jimmy KOLKER
embassy: 1577 Ggaba Rd., Kampala
mailing address: P. O. Box 7007, Kampala
telephone: [256] (41) 234-142
FAX: [256] (41) 258-451
Flag description:
six equal horizontal bands of black (top), yellow, red, black, yellow, and red; a white disk is superimposed at center and depicts a red-crested crane (the national symbol) facing hoist side
Economy Uganda
Economy - overview:
Uganda has substantial natural resources, includes fertile soils, regular rainfall, and sizable mineral deposits of copper and cobalt. Agriculture is most important sector of economy, employing over 80% of work force. Coffee accounts for bulk of export revenues. Since 1986, government - with support of foreign countries and international agencies - has acted to rehabilitate and stabilize economy by undertaking currency reform, raising producer prices on export crops, increasing prices of petroleum products, and improving civil service wages. policy changes are especially aimed at dampening inflation and boosting production and export earnings. During 1990-2001, economy turned in a solid performance based on continued investment in rehabilitation of infrastructure, improved incentives for production and exports, reduced inflation, gradually improved domestic security, and return of exiled Indian-Ugandan entrepreneurs. Ongoing Ugandan involvement in war in Democratic Republic of Congo, corruption within government, and slippage in government's determination to press reforms raise doubts about continuation of strong growth. In 2000, Uganda qualified for enhanced Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) debt relief worth $1.3 billion and Paris Club debt relief worth $145 million. These amounts combined with original HIPC debt relief added up to about $2 billion. Growth for 2001-02 previously solid despite continued decline in price of coffee, Uganda's principal export. Prospects for 2003 are mixed, with probable strengthening of coffee prices yet with halting growth in economies of major export customers.
buying power parity - $30.49 billion (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
5.5% (2002 est.)
GDP - per capita:
buying power parity - $1,200 (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 43%
industry: 19%
services: 38% (2001 est.)
Population below poverty line:
35% (2001 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 4%
highest 10%: 21% (2000)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
37.4 (1996)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
0.1% (2002 est.)
Labor force:
12 million (2001 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture 82%, industry 5%, services 13% (1999 est.)
Unemployment rate:
revenues: $959 million
expenditures: $1.04 billion, includes capital expenditures of $NA (FY98/99 est.)
sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles, cement
Industrial production growth rate:
6.3% (2002 est.)
Electricity - production:
1.928 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 0.9%
hydro: 99.1%
other: 0% (2001)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
1.62 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
174 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
1 million kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
8,750 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
NA (2001)
Agriculture - products:
coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), potatoes, corn, millet, pulses; beef, goat meat, milk, poultry, cut flowers
$476 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Exports - commodities:
coffee, fish and fish products, tea; gold, cotton, flowers, horticultural products
Exports - partners:
Belgium 16.2%, Netherlands 13.7%, Germany 7.5%, Spain 5.5%, Hong Kong 4.9%, US 4.6%, UK 4.3%, Italy 4.1%, Portugal 4.1% (2002)
$1.14 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Imports - commodities:
capital equipment, vehicles, petroleum, medical supplies; cereals
Imports - partners:
Kenya 45.3%, South Africa 6.8%, India 5.7%, UK 5.5% (2002)
Debt - external:
$2.8 billion (2002 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
$1.4 billion (2000)
Ugandan shilling (UGX)
Currency code:
Exchange rates:
Ugandan shillings per US dollar - 1,797.55 (2002), 1,755.66 (2001), 1,644.48 (2000), 1,454.83 (1999), 1,240.31 (1998)
Fiscal year:
1 July - 30 June
Communications Uganda
Telephones - main lines in use:
50,074; however, 80,868 main lines have been installed (1998)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
9,000 (1998)
Telephone system:
general assessment: seriously inadequate; two cellular systems have been introduced, but a sharp increase in number of main lines is essential; e-mail and Internet services are available
domestic: intercity traffic by wire, microwave radio relay, and radiotelephone communication stations, fixed and mobile cellular systems for short-range traffic
international: satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) and 1 Inmarsat; analog links to Kenya and Tanzania
Radio broadcast stations:
AM 7, FM 33, shortwave 2 (2001)
5 million (2001)
Television broadcast stations:
8 (plus one low-power repeater) (2001)
500,000 (2001)
Internet country code:
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
2 (2000)
Internet users:
60,000 (2002)
Transportation Uganda
total: 1,241 km
narrow gauge: 1,241 km 1.000-m gauge (2002)
total: 27,000 km
paved: 1,809 km
unpaved: 25,191 km (1999 est.)
Lake Victoria, Lake Albert, Lake Kyoga, Lake George, Lake Edward, Victoria Nile, Albert Nile
Ports and harbors:
Entebbe, Jinja, Port Bell
Merchant marine:
total: 3 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 5,091 GRT/8,229 DWT
ships by type: roll on/roll off 3
note: these ships are in cargo and passenger (ferry) service on Uganda's inland waterways (2002 est.)
27 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 4
over 3,047 m: 3
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 23
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
914 to 1,523 m: 9
under 914 m: 7 (2002)
Military Uganda
Military branches:
Ugandan Peoples' Defense Force (including Army, Marine unit, Air Wing)
Military manpower - availability:
males age 15-49: 5,476,612 (2003 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
males age 15-49: 2,974,259 (2003 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
$124.7 million (FY02)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
2.1% (FY02)
Transnational Issues Uganda
Disputes - international:
Tutsi, Hutu, and other ethnic groups, associated political rebels, armed gangs, and various government forces continue fighting in Great Lakes region, transcending boundaries of Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda to gain control over populated areas and natural resources; government heads pledge to end conflict, but localized violence continues despite UN peacekeeping efforts; conflict in Sudan has extended rebel forces and refugees into Uganda