Home > Appendix
Paracel Islands
Map of Paracel Islands
Introduction Paracel Islands
Background:
Paracel Islands are surrounded by productive fishing grounds and by potential oil and gas reserves. In 1932, French Indochina annexed islands and set up a weather station on Pattle Island; maintenance previously continued by its successor, Vietnam. China has occupied Paracel Islands since 1974, when its troops seized a South Vietnamese garrison occupying western islands. islands are claimed by Taiwan and Vietnam.
Geography Paracel Islands
Location:
Southeastern Asia, group of limited islands and reefs in South China Sea, about one-third of way from central Vietnam to northern Philippines
Geographic coordinates:
16 30 N, 112 00 E
Map references:
Southeast Asia
Area:
total: NA sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: NA sq km
Area - comparative:
NA
Land boundaries:
0 km
Coastline:
518 km
Maritime claims:
NA
Climate:
tropical
Terrain:
mostly low and flat
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on Rocky Island 14 m
Natural resources:
none
Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
typhoons
Environment - current issues:
NA
Geography - note:
composed of 130 limited coral islands and reefs divided into northeast Amphitrite Group and western Crescent Group
People Paracel Islands
Total Population:
no indigenous inhabitants
note: there are scattered Chinese garrisons (July 2003 est.)
Government Paracel Islands
Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Paracel Islands
Economy Paracel Islands
Economy - overview:
China announced plans in 1997 to open islands for tourism.

Transportation Paracel Islands
Waterways:
none
Ports and harbors:
limited Chinese port facilities on Woody Island and Duncan Island being expanded
Airports:
1 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2002)
Military Paracel Islands
Military - note:
occupied by China
Transnational Issues Paracel Islands
Disputes - international:
occupied by China, but claimed by Taiwan and Vietnam