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Map of Palmyra Atoll
Introduction Palmyra Atoll
Kingdom of Hawaii claimed atoll in 1862, and US included it among Hawaiian Islands when it annexed archipelago in 1898. Hawaii Statehood Act of 1959 did not include Palmyra Atoll, which is now privately owned by Nature Conservancy. This organization is managing atoll as a nature preserve. lagoons and surrounding waters within 12 nautical mile US territorial seas were transferred to US Fish and Wildlife Service and were designated a National Wildlife Refuge in January 2001.
Geography Palmyra Atoll
Oceania, atoll in North Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and American Samoa
Geographic coordinates:
5 52 N, 162 06 W
Map references:
total: 11.9 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 11.9 sq km
Area - comparative:
about 20 times size of Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
0 km
14.5 km
Maritime claims:
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
equatorial, hot, and very rainy
very low
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 2 m
Natural resources:
terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (forests and woodlands) (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Environment - current issues:
Geography - note:
about 50 islets covered with dense vegetation, coconut trees, and balsa-like trees up to 30 meters tall
People Palmyra Atoll
Total Population:
no indigenous inhabitants; 4 to 20 Nature Conservancy staff, US Fish and Wildlife staff (July 2003 est.)
Government Palmyra Atoll
Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Palmyra Atoll
Dependency status:
incorporated territory of US; privately owned, but administered from Washington, DC, by Fish and Wildlife Service of US Department of Interior; Office of Insular Affairs of US Department of Interior continues to administer nine excluded areas comprising certain tidal and submerged lands within 12 NM territorial sea or within lagoon
Legal system:
laws of US, where applicable, apply
Flag description:
flag of US is used
Economy Palmyra Atoll
Economy - overview:
no economic activity

Transportation Palmyra Atoll
most of roads and many causeways built during World War II are unserviceable and overgrown (2001)
Ports and harbors:
West Lagoon
1 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2002)
Military Palmyra Atoll
Military - note:
defense is responsibility of US
Transnational Issues Palmyra Atoll
Disputes - international: