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Map of Cote d'Ivoire
Introduction Cote d'Ivoire
Close ties to France since independence in 1960, development of cocoa production for export, and foreign investment made Cote d'Ivoire one of most prosperous of tropical African states, but did not protect it from political turmoil. On 25 December 1999, a military coup - first ever in Cote d'Ivoire's history - overthrew government led by President Henri Konan BEDIE. Junta leader Robert GUEI held elections in late 2000, but excluded prominent opposition leader Alassane OUATTARA, blatantly rigged polling results, and declared himself winner. Popular protest forced GUEI to step aside and brought runner-up Laurent GBAGBO into power. GBAGBO spent his first two years in office trying to consolidate power to strengthen his weak mandate, but he previously unable to appease his opponents, who launched a failed coup attempt in September 2002. Rebel forces claimed northern half of country and in January 2003 were granted ministerial positions in a unity government. However, central government has yet to exert control over northern regions and tension remains high between GBAGBO and rebel leaders. Several thousand French and West African troops remain in Cote d'Ivoire to maintain peace and help implement peace accords.
Geography Cote d'Ivoire
Western Africa, bordering North Atlantic Ocean, between Ghana and Liberia
Geographic coordinates:
8 00 N, 5 00 W
Map references:
total: 322,460 sq km
water: 4,460 sq km
land: 318,000 sq km
Area - comparative:
slightly larger than New Mexico
Land boundaries:
total: 3,110 km
border countries: Burkina Faso 584 km, Ghana 668 km, Guinea 610 km, Liberia 716 km, Mali 532 km
515 km
Maritime claims:
continental shelf: 200 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
tropical along coast, semiarid in far north; three seasons - warm and dry (November to March), hot and dry (March to May), hot and wet (June to October)
mostly flat to undulating plains; mountains in northwest
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Gulf of Guinea 0 m
highest point: Mont Nimba 1,752 m
Natural resources:
petroleum, natural gas, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, copper, hydropower
Land use:
arable land: 9.28%
permanent crops: 13.84%
other: 76.88% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
730 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
coast has heavy surf and no natural harbors; during rainy season torrential flooding is possible
Environment - current issues:
deforestation (most of countries forests - once largest in West Africa - have been heavily logged); water pollution from sewage and industrial and agricultural effluents
Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of selected agreements
Geography - note:
most of inhabitants live along sandy coastal region; apart from capital area, forested interior is sparsely populated
People Cote d'Ivoire
Total Population:
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2003 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 45.4% (male 3,796,393; female 3,902,210)
15-64 years: 52.4% (male 4,541,997; female 4,347,531)
65 years and over: 2.2% (male 179,323; female 195,037) (2003 est.)
Median age:
total: 17 years
male: 17.3 years
female: 16.6 years (2002)
Population growth rate:
2.15% (2003 est.)
Birth rate:
40.01 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Death rate:
18.41 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Net migration rate:
-0.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/female
Population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 98.33 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 80.86 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
male: 115.29 deaths/1,000 live births
Life Expectancy:
Population: 42.65 years
male: 40.34 years
female: 45.04 years (2003 est.)
Total fertility rate:
5.51 children born/woman (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
9.7% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
770,000 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
75,000 (2001 est.)
noun: Ivorian(s)
adjective: Ivorian
Ethnic groups:
Akan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%, Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (includes 130,000 Lebanese and 20,000 French) (1998)
Christian 20-30%, Muslim 35-40%, indigenous 25-40% (2001)
note: majority of foreigners (migratory workers) are Muslim (70%) and Christian (20%)
French (official), 60 native dialects with Dioula most widely spoken
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Population: 50.9%
male: 57.9%
female: 43.6% (2003 est.)
Government Cote d'Ivoire
Country name:
conventional long form: Republic of Cote d'Ivoire
conventional short form: Cote d'Ivoire
local short form: Cote d'Ivoire
former: Ivory Coast
local long form: Republique de Cote d'Ivoire
Government type:
republic; multiparty presidential regime established 1960
Yamoussoukro; note - although Yamoussoukro has been official capital since 1983, Abidjan remains commercial and administrative center; US, like other countries, maintains its Embassy in Abidjan
Administrative divisions:
58 departments (departements, singular - departement); Abengourou, Abidjan, Aboisso, Adiake, Adzope, Agboville, Agnibilekrou, Alepe, Bocanda, Bangolo, Beoumi, Biankouma, Bondoukou, Bongouanou, Bouafle, Bouake, Bouna, Boundiali, Dabakala, Dabou, Daloa, Danane, Daoukro, Dimbokro, Divo, Duekoue, Ferkessedougou, Gagnoa, Grand-Bassam, Grand-Lahou, Guiglo, Issia, Jacqueville, Katiola, Korhogo, Lakota, Man, Mankono, Mbahiakro, Odienne, Oume, Sakassou, San-Pedro, Sassandra, Seguela, Sinfra, Soubre, Tabou, Tanda, Tiebissou, Tingrela, Tiassale, Touba, Toulepleu, Toumodi, Vavoua, Yamoussoukro, Zuenoula
7 August (1960) (from France)
National holiday:
Independence Day, 7 August (1960)
3 November 1960; has been amended numerous times, last time 27 July 1998
Legal system:
based on French civil law system and customary law; judicial review in Constitutional Chamber of Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
chief of state: President Laurent GBAGBO (since 26 October 2000); note - took power following a popular overthrow of interim leader Gen. Robert GUEI who had claimed a dubious victory in presidential elections; Gen. GUEI himself had assumed power on 25 December 1999, following a military coup against government of former President Henri Konan BEDIE
head of government: Prime Minister Seydou DIARRA (since 25 January 2003); note - appointed as transitional Prime Minister by President GBAGBO as part of a French brokered peace plan
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 26 October 2000 (next to be held NA 2005); prime minister appointed by president
election results: Laurent GBAGBO elected president; percent of vote - Laurent GBAGBO 59.4%, Robert GUEI 32.7%, Francis WODIE 5.7%, other 2.2%
Legislative branch:
unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (225 seats; members are elected in single- and multi-district elections by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: elections last held 10 December 2000 with by-elections on 14 January 2001 (next to be held NA 2005)
note: a Senate is scheduled to be created in next full election in 2005
election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - FPI 96, PDCI-RDA 94, RDR 5, PIT 4, other 2, independents 22, vacant 2
Judicial branch:
Supreme Court or Cour Supreme consists of four chambers: Judicial Chamber for criminal cases, Audit Chamber for financial cases, Constitutional Chamber for judicial review cases, and Administrative Chamber for civil cases; there is no legal limit to number of members
Political parties and leaders:
Democratic Party of Cote d'Ivoire-African Democratic Rally or PDCI-RDA [Aime Henri Konan BEDIE]; Ivorian Popular Front or FPI [Laurent GBAGBO]; Ivorian Worker's Party or PIT [Francis WODIE]; Rally of Republicans or RDR [Alassane OUATTARA]; Union for Democracy and Peace or UDPCI [leader NA]; over 20 smaller parties
Political pressure groups and leaders:
International organization participation:
Diplomatic representation in US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Pascal Dago KOKORA
chancery: 3421 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007
FAX: [1] (202) 462-9444
telephone: [1] (202) 797-0300
Diplomatic representation from US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Arlene RENDER
embassy: 5 Rue Jesse Owens, Abidjan
mailing address: B. P. 1712, Abidjan 01
telephone: [225] 20 21 09 79
FAX: [225] 20 22 32 59
Flag description:
three equal vertical bands of orange (hoist side), white, and green; similar to flag of Ireland, which is longer and has colors reversed - green (hoist side), white, and orange; also similar to flag of Italy, which is green (hoist side), white, and red; design previously based on flag of France
Economy Cote d'Ivoire
Economy - overview:
Cote d'Ivoire is among world's largest producers and exporters of coffee, cocoa beans, and palm oil. Consequently, economy is highly sensitive to fluctuations in international prices for these products and to weather conditions. Despite government attempts to diversify economy, it is still largely dependent on agriculture and related activities, which engage roughly 68% of population. After several years of lagging performance, Ivorian economy began a comeback in 1994, due to 50% devaluation of CFA franc and improved prices for cocoa and coffee, growth in nontraditional primary exports such as pineapples and rubber, limited trade and banking liberalization, offshore oil and gas discoveries, and generous external financing and debt rescheduling by multilateral lenders and France. Moreover, government adherence to donor-mandated reforms led to a jump in growth to 5% annually during 1996-99. Growth previously negative in 2000-02 because of difficulty of meeting conditions of international donors, continued low prices of key exports, and severe civil war fighting.
buying power parity - $24.03 billion (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
-1.6% (2002 est.)
GDP - per capita:
buying power parity - $1,400 (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 29%
industry: 22%
services: 49% (2001 est.)
Population below poverty line:
37% (1995)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 3.1%
highest 10%: 28.8% (1995)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
36.7 (1995)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
3.2% (2002 est.)
Labor force:
68% agricultural (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate:
13% in urban areas (1998)
revenues: $1.72 billion
expenditures: $2.4 billion, includes capital expenditures of $420 million (2001 est.)
foodstuffs, beverages; wood products, oil refining, truck and bus assembly, textiles, fertilizer, building materials, electricity
Industrial production growth rate:
15% (1998 est.)
Electricity - production:
4.605 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 61.9%
hydro: 38.1%
other: 0% (2001)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
2.983 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
1.3 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
11,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
32,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
NA (2001)
Oil - proved reserves:
50 million bbl (37257)
Natural gas - production:
1.35 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
1.35 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves:
14.87 billion cu m (37257)
Agriculture - products:
coffee, cocoa beans, bananas, palm kernels, corn, rice, manioc (tapioca), sweet potatoes, sugar, cotton, rubber; timber
$4.4 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Exports - commodities:
cocoa, coffee, timber, petroleum, cotton, bananas, pineapples, palm oil, fish
Exports - partners:
France 14.5%, Netherlands 12.9%, US 7.6%, Germany 5.4%, Mali 4.6%, Belgium 4.4%, Spain 4.3% (2002)
$2.5 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Imports - commodities:
fuel, capital equipment, foodstuffs
Imports - partners:
France 22.7%, Nigeria 16.6%, China 7.9%, Italy 4.2% (2002)
Debt - external:
$10.3 billion (2002 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
ODA, $1 billion (1996 est.)
Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is Central Bank of West African States
Currency code:
Exchange rates:
Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 696.99 (2002), 733.04 (2001), 711.98 (2000), 615.7 (1999), 589.95 (1998)
Fiscal year:
calendar year
Communications Cote d'Ivoire
Telephones - main lines in use:
263,700 (2000)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
450,000 (2000)
Telephone system:
general assessment: well developed by African standards but operating well below capacity
domestic: open-wire lines and microwave radio relay; 90% digitalized
international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean); 2 coaxial submarine cables (June 1999)
Radio broadcast stations:
AM 2, FM 9, shortwave 3 (1998)
2.26 million (1997)
Television broadcast stations:
14 (1999)
1.09 million (2000)
Internet country code:
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
5 (2001)
Internet users:
70,000 (2002)
Transportation Cote d'Ivoire
total: 660 km
narrow gauge: 660 km 1.000-meter gauge
note: an additional 622 km of this railroad extends into Burkina Faso (2002)
total: 50,400 km
paved: 4,889 km
unpaved: 45,511 km (1999 est.)
980 km (navigable rivers, canals, and numerous coastal lagoons)
condensate 107 km; gas 223 km; oil 104 km (2003)
Ports and harbors:
Abidjan, Aboisso, Dabou, San-Pedro
36 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 7
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 29
1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
914 to 1,523 m: 14
under 914 m: 8 (2002)
Military Cote d'Ivoire
Military branches:
Army, Navy, Air Force, paramilitary Gendarmerie, Republican Guard (includes Presidential Guard)
Military manpower - military age:
18 years of age (2003 est.)
Military manpower - availability:
males age 15-49: 4,035,462 (2003 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
males age 15-49: 2,110,276 (2003 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
males: 198,115 (2003 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
$143.5 million (FY02)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
1.4% (FY02)
Transnational Issues Cote d'Ivoire
Disputes - international:
rebel fighting extended to neighboring states and has driven out nationals and foreign workers to nearby countries; Ivorian Government accuses Burkina Faso and Liberia of supporting Ivorian rebels
Illicit drugs:
illicit producer of cannabis, mostly for local consumption; transshipment point for Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin to Europe and occasionally to US, and for Latin American cocaine destined for Europe and South Africa; while rampant corruption and inadequate supervision leave banking system vulnerable to money laundering, lack of a developed financial system limits countries utility as a major money-laundering center